Owing to the complexity of IT infrastructures and the expertise of prospective attackers, the best mitigation strategy would concentrate on a wide range of attack routes. Before focusing on individual DDoS security suppliers, it's necessary to know the topology, benefits and drawbacks of various defence choices, and the types of DDoS attacks they can block.
Essentially, there are five different locations for DDoS threat mitigation tools to be deployed:
A dedicated hardware appliance or an on-premises web application firewall (WAF) deployed in the data centre provides on-premises DDoS protection. These enable users to defend against layer 3 and 4 network attacks as well as application-level attacks (using the on-premises WAF).
The main disadvantage of on-premises defence is its inability to successfully block DDoS attacks that are greater than the internet pipe. This implies that if the network pipe becomes saturated as a result of the attack volume, the defence will be rendered ineffective. Since the WAF is primarily designed to protect against network intruders and data theft, another drawback is the lack of scalability needed to block large network and application layer attacks. Overall, on-premises DDoS protection has become less popular in recent years as most organizations move to cloud-based solutions.
Many internet service providers (ISPs) provide DDoS protection for businesses. To begin with, this option only protects from network layer vulnerabilities and not against application-level assaults. Another significant disadvantage is that small and medium ISPs are unable to prevent large-scale volumetric assaults. Large ISPs, such as AT&T in the U. S., are an exception since they have the capacity to withstand volumetric attacks.
Furthermore, because DDoS security is not an ISP's core business, its employees generally lack the requisite knowledge to respond quickly. This can be a life-changing realization to realize in the midst of an attack.
With the migration of applications from private data centers to the cloud, cloud-based DDoS protection solutions have become more popular than on-premises alternatives.
Cloud-based DDoS protection relies on companies offering cloud-based CDN and WAF solutions, including a DDoS mitigation layer. Traffic is redirected using DNS to the cloud provider, where high volume attacks can be easily handled. Since the origin server is not the one that responds to requests, it will be much harder for any DDoS attack to reach the targeted server. Cloud WAFs also protect against application attacks, both static and dynamic. The only attack vectors that cloud WAFs can't block are direct attacks.
The DDoS Scrubbing Center includes DDoS mitigation devices to mitigate large-scale network attacks. Most providers offer solutions that usually consist of several scrubbing centers distributed around the world. In the event of an attack, traffic will be diverted to the nearest center for analysis. Malicious traffic is removed and legitimate traffic is forwarded to the corporate network. Scrubbing center protection can be leveraged in two ways: routing traffic to the center on demand in the event of an attack, or always routing traffic through the scrubbing center. The scrubbing center can thwart all types of networks and direct to origin attacks, both web and non-web (FTP, SMTP, etc.). However, it cannot provide protection against application-level threats. Implementing a scrubbing center solution is more complex than cloud WAF protection because it requires BGP traffic redirection and GRE tunnelling.
Public cloud provider providers (CSPs), including AWS, Microsoft Azure and Google Cloud, commonly offer DDoS safety as an `out-of-the-box` a part of their web website hosting packages.
The CSP takes obligation for community safety and, as a customer, you get the inherent scalability of cloud facts services. On the other hand, CSPs tend to charge separately for application-level DDoS mitigation.
Essentially, the CSP provides a built-in cloud WAF solution in which the configuration and ongoing management are your responsibility. CSP-based protection is less mature and sophisticated than what cloud WAF vendors have to offer as a point solution. However, the convenience of having all DDoS protection under a single roof is also of significant value to many organizations.
The choices users make regarding DDoS mitigation options are highly dependent on priorities, technology, network size, and expectations.
DDoS protection services also have a bypass mode where the users can send the traffic to the origin without passing through the DDoS provider's network. Cloud Destinations as a trusted partner will help you in handling and mitigating cyber-attacks such as DDOS. Please reach out to firstname.lastname@example.org to understand more on the portfolio.
Cybercriminals utilise compromised endpoints as a major access point to breach a network, so undoubtedly, endpoints are the weakest link in the security chain. Endpoints have a lower security posture, partly due to out-of-date anti-virus or internet security solutions or because they are shared.
Two-thirds of companies are compromised by exploits that instigate with an endpoint. Cybercriminals are increasingly employing advanced persistent threat (APT) tactics, in which an attacker utilizes a compromised endpoint to spread laterally throughout a network by exploiting known vulnerabilities, upgrading privileges, and continuously hacking while inside. Endpoints are typically compromised by either malware or non-malware attacks.
Endpoint security is a key line of defence that prevents criminal hackers from obtaining network access, exfiltrating data, causing reputational or financial harm, damaging infrastructure, or even demanding a ransom. Endpoint security techniques may be used by organisations to resist vulnerabilities at various phases of an endpoint threat:
Prevent attacks from gaining access to endpoints: Prevent known threats from reaching endpoints and disrupting them before they may infiltrate an endpoint.
Identify hazards before they do harm: Identify existing dangers that successfully acquire access to an endpoint and find new threats on a regular basis.
Protect your organisation from the propagation of an endpoint assault by implementing the following measures: Reduce the impact of infected endpoints. Keep it contained as you investigate the root cause and apply what you've learned to avoid and detect future attacks.
Infrastructure specialists safeguard the most important data and infrastructures. However, this generally entails a known number of systems and software that are continuously handled by competent IT personnel.
Endpoint security, on the other hand, is a more chaotic system with a greater number of moving pieces. IT teams that handle endpoint security typically deal with greater volume and variations than teams that control infrastructure security.
According to the Ponemon Institute's report, The Cost of Insecure Endpoints, 63% of companies said they can't monitor off-network endpoints, which costs them more than $6 million each year to address the resulting risks. According to the survey, 80 percent of companies had an unorganized endpoint security policy.
Defense-in-depth is a security method that involves stacking several protective measures to produce a resilient and redundant system. Since endpoints have several levels of protection, each layer provides a separate sort of security that protects the endpoint even if one or more of the controls fails. This strategy reduces the danger of a single point failure and is frequently utilised to handle a wide variety of potential vulnerabilities across physical, technological, and administrative levels.
Privilege Management: Privilege management tools gives the granular control over what users can do via their endpoints, including installing programs and changing configurations, as well as accessing and interacting with web applications.
Antivirus (AV): Antivirus technologies are often installed directly on an endpoint, scanning the system continuously for known virus or malware signatures. The finest antivirus software updates its list of known infections on a regular basis, quarantines suspicious files and apps, and prevents users from accessing harmful websites.
Endpoint Protection Platforms (EPP):Several antivirus software has developed into endpoint protection platforms. Similar to AV, they’re designed to prevent malware attacks and other malicious activity.
Endpoint Detection and Response (EDR): EDR systems are an analytical surveillance endpoint protection technology that continually collects and analyses data from all endpoints maintained by an organisation.
Endpoint Management: A solid endpoint management system may assist keep authorized devices secure and update them in a timely manner to reduce the impact of a zero-day attack.
Penetration Testing/Scorecards: Typically performed by an outside vendor, the goal of penetration testing is to disclose the organization's vulnerabilities so that they may be addressed before a bad actor attempts to exploit them.
One of the biggest challenges to effective endpoint security is the users. The proactive goal of endpoint security is to lock down entry points cyber criminals might use to access an enterprise network. Cloud Destinations can assist you with implementing robust Endpoint Security with EDR and different platforms. Please reach out to email@example.com for any business queries.
The attacks result to an increase of 110 and 129 attacks, correspondingly, over the third and second quarters of 2021. During the three-month period between October and December 2021, 34 different ransomware versions were discovered.
According to researchers, the most common ransomware strain in the fourth quarter of 2021 was LockBit 2.0, which was responsible for 29.7% of all reported instances, followed by Conti at 19%, PYSA at 10.5 percent, and Hive at 10.1 percent.
Consumer and industrial products, manufacturing, professional services and consulting, real estate, life sciences and health care, technology, media and telecommunications, energy, resources and agriculture, public sector, financial services, and non-profit entities were among the most impacted sectors during the quarter.
The US was the country most hit by LockBit 2.0 attacks, followed by Italy, Germany, France, and Canada. A large number of Conti infections have also been observed in the United States, Germany, and Italy. The United States was also the most impacted country by the PYSA and Hive ransomware assaults.
According to the researchers, attacks on the consumer and industrial products sector increased by 22.2 percent from the third quarter of 2021, making it the most-affected sector during the fourth quarter.
The discoveries come as Nokoyawa, a relatively obscure ransomware strain with "striking resemblance" to the Hive ransomware, has been discovered, with the majority of its victims being in Argentina.
Both Nokoyawa and Hive involve the use of Cobalt Strike as part of the arrival phase of the assault, as well as the use of legal, but often misused tools such the anti-rootkit scanners GMER and PC Hunter for defensive evasion.
Humans are regarded as the weakest link in the chain of security. It is critical to protect and monitor your endpoint in order to protect your company's business and values. Cloud Destinations can assist you with implementing robust Endpoint Security. Please reach out to firstname.lastname@example.org for any business queries.
Cyberattacks against Ukrainian government websites and affiliated organisations added to the confusion of Russia's military assault on Thursday, including data-wiping malware activated a day earlier that cybersecurity researchers said infected hundreds of computers including in neighbouring Latvia and Lithuania.
A distributed-denial-of-service attack that began last week and temporarily knocked government websites offline on Wednesday continued and there were sporadic internet outages across the country, said Doug Madory, director of internet analysis for the U.S. Network management firm Kentik Inc.
Distributed-denial-of-service attacks are among the least impactful because they don't entail network intrusion. Such attacks barrage websites with junk traffic so they become unreachable.
Measures to blunt the DDoS attacks were having some success, however, as major government websites including those of the defence and interior ministries and the banking sites of Sberbank and Alfabank were reachable on Thursday despite the onslaught.
U.S. And allied governments quickly blamed the denial-of-service attacks on Russia's GRU military intelligence agency after they began last week. Such attacks render websites unreachable by flooding them with junk data.
Major Russian websites also came under a denial-of-service attack on Thursday, Madory said, possibly in retaliation for the similar DDoS attacks on Ukrainian websites.
The sites of Russia's military (mil.Ru) and Kremlin (kremlin.Ru), hosted by the Russia State Internet Network, were unreachable or slow to load as a result. Madory said an entire block of internet domains that host kremlin.Ru sites was under attack.
According to NetBlocks, "Significant Internet disruption registered in Ukraine controlled city of Kharkiv shortly after huge explosions heard and users report loss of fixed-line service on provider Triolan while cellphones continue to work.
Ukraine's cybersecurity agency said cellular networks were saturated with voice calls, suggesting that people unable to complete them use text-messaging. The London-based Netblocks internet monitor said the eastern city of Kharkiv, near which Russians were reported attacking, appeared to be taking "the brunt of network and telecoms disruptions."
Some cybersecurity experts said prior to the assault that it might be in the Kremlin's intelligence - and information war - interests not to try to take down Ukraine's internet during a military attack.Ukraine's cybersecurity service also published a list on its Telegram channel of known "active disinformation" channels to avoid.
Cyberattacks have been a key tool of Russian aggression in Ukraine since before 2014, when the Kremlin annexed Crimea and hackers tried to thwart elections. They were also used against Estonia in 2007 and Georgia in 2008. Their intent can be to sow panic, confuse and distract.
An Advanced Persistent Threat (APT) actor traced as ModifiedElephant, a hacking group, had allegedly planted incriminating evidence on the personal devices of Indian journalists, human rights activists, human rights defenders, academics and lawyers.
ModifiedElephant APT group has been carrying out its malicious activities since 2012 and successfully evading detection for over a decade.
ModifiedElephant operators have been infecting their targets using spear phishing emails with malicious file attachments. After invading the victim’s device, ModifiedElephant implants files that could be used to prosecute the individual, apart from spying on their activities.
According to Sentinel Labs, the ModifiedElephant APT has targeted hundreds of individuals and groups. Their attack tactics involve spear phishing emails using popular email services providers like Yahoo and Gmail to start the infection chain.
DarkComet or Netwire RATs, keyloggers, and an unidentified Android Trojan are embedded within the emails to affect the victims. The Android malware is also a commodity trojan, delivered to victims in the form of an APK, tricking them into installing it themselves by posing as a news app or a safe messaging tool. In various cases, the attached files leveraged exploits such as CVE-2012-0158, CVE-2013-3906, CVE-2014-1761, and CVE-2015-1641 for malware execution purposes.
To reduce the susceptibility of ModifiedElephant attacks, some of the precautionary steps can be employed,
Organizations should employ next-gen e-mail security to detect suspicious activity, and they should be informed and vigilant in their digital behaviour. If a malicious threat arises, the requisite digital actions should be taken to protect against cyber-attacks.
HEAT threats are used to distribute malware or compromised credentials, resulting in ransomware attacks that use strategies to evade detection by several layers of overall security stacks, such as firewalls, Secure Web Gateways, sandbox analysis, URL reputation, and phishing detection. These attacks allow cybercriminals to spread malicious content to the endpoint by adapting to the targeted environment.
HEAT attacks bypass all of these traditional detection approaches, exposing a decade or more of enterprise IT investment completely ineffective.
The Menlo Labs team discovered that 69 percent of malicious URLs used HEAT methods after examining over half a million of them. Furthermore, since July’21, the team witnessed a 224 percent rise in HEAT attacks and identified over 27,000 malware attacks that were delivered using HTML Smuggling within the last 90 days.Techniques to Bypass Security Defenses
Evades both static and dynamic content inspection- HEAT attacks evade both signature and behavioural analysis engines to deliver malicious payloads to the victim using innovative techniques such as HTML Smuggling. Menlo Labs identified
Evades malicious link analysis - These threats evade malicious link analysis engines traditionally implemented in the email path where links can be analyzed before arriving at the user.
Evades offline categorization and threat detection - HEAT attacks evade web categorization by delivering malware from benign websites, either by compromising them, or patiently creating new ones, referred to as Good2Bad websites.
The challenge is that because HEAT characteristics have legitimate uses, simply blocking them won’t work. Hence, experts recommend organizations to,
Organizations should follow the Zero-Trust Security implementation to avoid the HEAT attacks and limit their susceptibility to those attacks. Prevention is the Key!
Organizations are opting to a Zero-Trust Strategy to safeguard their data and systems more than ever. In the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic, zero trust security is essential for every organization, regardless of the size or industry.
A Zero-Trust Model can radically improve your organization’s security posture and minimize operational overhead by eliminating the sole reliance on perimeter-based protection.
Ideally, a zero-trust security implementation should help organizations protect the network from advanced threats and improve compliance with standards like GDPR, FISMA, PCI, HIPAA, and CCPA.
According to industry experts, eighty-three percent of security and risk experts consider zero trust to be a significant strategy for their organizations, with 80 percent planning to implement it by 2022. Organizations and the CISOs who govern them are starting to recognize that implementing zero trust does not have to be expensive and complicated.
Don’t Trust Blindly on Third-Party SaaS and PaaS Applications - Every company employs applications created by another company, and all these applications are trusted since their developer is a reputable and well-known company. However, software flaws or a breach of the developer's systems, on the other hand, might transform these trusted apps into a possible attack surface for cybercriminals.
Even Though Device Is Managed, Be Sure About It - Organizations by default, manage their devices to secure the control over the endpoints of the employees. But these device management tools doesn’t grant any real-time visibility into the risk levels of the endpoint.
BYOD is Not as Secure as Work Devices - Employer-owned laptops and phones are traditionally managed, patched, and kept up to date with security tools and policies. However, with everyone working remotely, employees may forget the basic cyber hygiene skills and start to use their own devices to access work networks or apps.
Antivirus Doesn’t Secure Completely - Attackers often use more sophisticated tactics like creating backdoors into infrastructure via internet-facing remote access systems such as remote desktop protocol (RDP) or virtual private network (VPN). They can also obtain access to an endpoint by exploiting weaknesses in operating systems or apps.
Perimeter Security Is Obsolete - Generally, IT organizations considered that anything on their networks was safe and secure. For a container environment, these perimeter security solutions are a disaster waiting to happen. Consequently, systems designed to resist external threats (trojan file) are quite vulnerable.
Zero trust solves several security problems arising from remote and hybrid models. For example, by never trusting a user or device without the appropriate credentials, organizations can:
Organizations seeking to implement a Zero Trust security framework must address the following:
As Zero trust becomes the foundation of more hybrid cloud integrations, the future of Zero Trust is to focus more on endpoint security, improving IAM effectiveness, hybrid cloud security, and optimizing patch management to enhance the least privileged access.
A RAT (Remote Access Trojan) is a type of malicious program popular among cybercriminals. The level of obfuscation significantly separates RAT malware sophistication. The primary aspect of RAT's is to steal information from a specific user or group of users. A downloader that allows malicious software to infiltrate and infect the target system.
On October’21, Cisco Talos discovered a malware campaign where the majority of the victims were based in United States, Italy, and Singapore. According to Cisco Talos, the threat actor exploited cloud services to deploy and deliver variations of commodity RATs with information-stealing capabilities. Cloud services such as Azure and AWS are used by threat actors because they are simple to set up and maintain, making it more difficult for defenders to detect and prevent campaigns.
The Remote Administration Tools (RATs) versions are loaded with capabilities that allow them to take control of the victim's environment, execute arbitrary commands remotely, and steal the victim's information.
Nanocore is a 32-bit .NET portable executable that is widely used by threat actors in their campaigns. The plugins are used by the RAT to handle communications with the C2 server, and the SurveillanceEX plugin provides video and audio capture and the remote desktop capability.
NetwireRAT is a well-known malware that cybercriminals exploit to steal victims' passwords, login credentials, and credit card information. Threat actors in this campaign use the NetwireRAT client, which offers the ability to execute commands remotely and collect file-system information.
AsyncRAT is a remote access tool meant to remotely monitor and control computers through a secure, encrypted connection. Threat actors in this campaign use the AsyncRAT client by setting its configuration to connect to the C2 server and provide the attacker with remote access to the victim's machine.
It is always a wise idea to take the initiative when it comes to cybersecurity. Many people believe that, as a result of the increased number of cyber-attacks worldwide in 2021, the cybersecurity situation in 2022 will deteriorate even worse.
Before establishing a strategy for keeping your firm safe from expanding and emerging cyber threats, it's a fine decision to figure out what we're up against. To help you streamline and strengthen your defense, here is a list of the cybersecurity predictions for 2022, by Cloud Destinations:
Vulnerabilities in the cloud have become a major danger to data security as more and more businesses utilize the cloud. These flaws jeopardize the security and integrity of all the sensitive information stored on the system. The attack surface has grown dramatically as a result of the rapid rise of multi-cloud settings, and it will continue to grow in 2022. Cybercriminals are likely to concentrate their efforts and resources on discovering new faults and vulnerabilities in existing cloud environments. Organizations that rely on the cloud for data storage and management must provide essential resources for improving cloud computing.
Several dangerous ransomware gangs emerged in 2021, attacking and threatening hundreds of organizations throughout the world in the previous year alone. According to the UK National Cyber Security Centre's yearly report, the number of ransomware assaults in Q1 2021 was three times more than in all of 2019. Ransomware, according to cybersecurity experts around the world, isn't going away in the coming year. In fact, they forecast that by 2022, the frequency, intensity, and sophistication of ransomware assaults will have increased dramatically. Given that ransomware is one of the most profitable attack vectors for hackers, this is one of the most plausible and predictable cybersecurity predictions on the list.
In 2021, cyber warfare has already gained traction, necessitating a greater need for cybersecurity for important infrastructure around the world. Throughout the year, numerous cyber-attacks perpetrated by various state actors have made news. With the digitization trend spreading like wildfire over the world, countries have turned to cyber-attacks as a means of expressing their displeasure.
Major nation-state actors in Russia, China, Iran, North Korea, and other countries will maintain an aggressive posture in 2022 in order to achieve their own regional interests and geopolitical aims. Factors such as escalating geopolitical tensions, pandemic-related instability, and increased access to crypto currency will all play a role in the rise of politically driven attacks across practically every business.
IoT devices have gone a long way since the introduction of 5G infrastructure and other technological developments. According to a Cyber Magazine article, the Internet of Things (IoT) market is expected to reach $1.1 trillion by 2026. IoT devices have attracted the attention of terrifying characters as they have gained popularity. Every month, thousands of cyber-attacks on IoT devices occur. A growing focus on the need for stronger IoT security is one of the major cybersecurity predictions for 2022. The cyber risks that plague IoT devices are projected to expand in the coming year, highlighting the urgent need for policy regulation to protect user privacy. Privileged Access Management will also be given more weight in terms of safeguarding IoT devices.
The world has yet to fully recover from the severe effects of supply chain attacks such as the SolarWinds hack, the Accellion breach, and the Kaseya attack. Threat actors can easily compromise hundreds of firms once they successfully breach a supply chain's single link, as illustrated by these mega-breach cases. Because supply chain attacks cause substantially more harm than other attack vectors, they have become a favorite among hackers all over the world. The threat of supply chain attacks is expected to continue to loom over enterprises around the world in 2022. Taking this into account, third-party risk management should be a major priority for businesses in the next year.
Spam campaigns will be heavily targeted as personal information obtained from data breaches is widely available to the public from cyber criminals. Other disclosed information, such as passwords, transactions, payment logs, or sexual orientation, will be used to promote criminal or fraudulent information campaigns based on full names and phone numbers. While the crime of stealing sensitive information with a spear - whether it be whale, business email (BEC), or e-mail account compromise (EAC) - becomes even more complex, Adrian Miron, manager of Bitdefender's Content Filtering Lab, predicts that it will remain a major attack on business and work. Fraud 2022 will likely take advantage of the bustling Coronavirus epidemic and full-time hiring activities online. Cybercriminal criminals will begin to mimic firms to trick potential users into allowing malicious software to infect their devices via standard text attachments. Additionally, cybercriminals will likely use this remote control to lure unsuspecting job seekers into illegal activities such as money laundering.
"On the Black Web in 2021, we saw a tremendous growth in robberies, threats, and attack power," said Eric O'Neill, VMware's national security strategist. "It will protect you from the most Zero Days ever recorded, including the high-risk Apache Log4j used in the wild by the end of the year." As a result, the year 2022 will be known as the Year of the Empty, when businesses will guarantee everything rather than assume that everything is safe. Biden executives have approved the Zero Trust system for government agencies, and this will encourage other companies to have the same idea, thinking they will be hacked at some point. By 2022, the Zero Trust approach will be more important in preventing new attacks while also reducing the effects of Log4j vulnerability.
Attackers are focused on their efforts on insecure APIs, and 2022 will be a good year for API attacks. These frequently overlooked app connectors often have access to sensitive information. "The world is becoming more and more connected to APIs with the aim of making the app development the latest in order to increase productivity and quality," said analyst Melinda Marks. "If no security measures are taken, APIs that link to services and applications could be at risk of attack." Common vulnerabilities in online applications, such as distributed service denial attacks and SQL injection, are at risk in APIs. However, Marks stressed that protecting APIs is difficult due to the growing number of internal and external APIs used. In addition, there is a lack of clarity not only about how many APIs are used in the company, but also who is in charge of API security. By 2022, businesses should evaluate the APIs they use and ensure they are reasonably secure.
Backing up or upgrading your endpoint firmware and VPN hardware can be a time-consuming process that requires extensive testing before deploying episodes and well-configured fix times. Unfortunately, the attackers are well aware of the dangers and potential exposure. Many of the risks most commonly exploited by attackers in 2020 and 2021, according to CISA, are linked to remote access, some of which occured in 2018. Make 2022 the year you manage your VPN risk and endpoint, possibly by moving to the cloud based Zero Trust Network Access (ZTNA).
Cyber attackers have made it clear that they do not make a difference between the sizes of their targets. Small and medium-sized market organizations have indicated that they are making a profit as large companies for ransomware attacks, and we predict that the trend will continue in 2022. The cybersecurity industry must work for the protection of democracy, especially as skills shortages and retention issues continue to create struggle. A large organization will no longer be able to benefit from strong online security. Attackers have many opportunities due to the digital revolution and technological advances, and the only way to protect everyone is to protect the entire supply chain
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