When a software developer writes software code, they need to consider
many things. This includes how to express the architecture and design
requirements of the application, how to keep the code optimized and
efficient, and also how to make sure the code is secure. Secure code will
help to prevent many cyber-attacks from happening because it removes
the vulnerabilities many exploits rely on.
Your software code is the core of your application systems; this makes it more vulnerable to malicious malware and unauthorized users. Therefore, you need to check for any vulnerability and apply the relevant security measures; else, the whole application may be endangered.
Data input validation: This covers numerous aspects of data source and data validation. For example, the length and date range of a piece of data. Data validation checks help to secure web applications from cyber-attacks.
Authentication and password management: Coding also involves software architecture. This section has many advisories which sit at the cross-section of coding and architecture. Cryptographic Practices: The guide suggests that any cryptographic modules used, be FIPS 140-2 or an equivalent standard compliant.
Error Handling and Logging: This is a crucial area and one that if not coded securely can leak data. Data Protection: The guidelines for the protection of data include advice on storing passwords securely and how to avoid data leaks via HTTP GET.
Communication Security: Advisories on how to protect data during transit, for example, using TLS connections.